Thioctacid is an antioxidant which is used for the treatment of diabetes. Thioctacid works to prevent cell damage in the body by restoring vitamin levels


Thioctic acid



Meda Pharma


600 mg

Out of Stock.



History and discovery of Thioctacid

Thioctacid has emerged as a compound in the field of medical research. It was discovered during in-depth studies on treatments for metabolic disorders, and its potential was immediately recognized, generating interest within the medical community. This interest stems not only from its therapeutic capabilities but also from its various contributions to human health.

General overview of its medical applications

Thioctacid has a range of applications in the field of pharmacology. It is commonly used in medical areas such as treating metabolic disorders, providing antioxidant therapy, and protecting the liver. Its versatility makes it highly valued in medicine.

Uses of Thioctacid

Treatment of diabetic polyneuropathy

Diabetic polyneuropathy is a complication that arises from having diabetes for an extended period of time 1. Thioctacid (alpha-lipoic acid) plays a role in managing this condition by providing relief to numerous patients by addressing its symptoms. This compound assists in alleviating pain, enhancing the speed at which nerves conduct signals, and improving overall nerve functioning 234.

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2Thioctic Acid for Patients with Symptomatic Diabetic Polyneuropathy 3Thioctacid is effective for neuropathy symptoms and hyperglycemia … 4THIOCTACID 600 T injection 5X24 ml diabetic nerve damage … 1Diabetic neuropathy - Wikipedia

Scientists have long associated free radicals and oxidative stress with different health problems. Thioctacid, known for its antioxidant properties, is a protective shield against these harmful effects caused by oxidation. Its ability to neutralize radicals, strengthen the body's defense mechanisms, and enhance natural antioxidant systems are remarkable ways it exhibits its antioxidative strength.

Benefits in liver diseases and detoxification

As an organ responsible for detoxification, the liver often suffers the impact of different toxins. Thioctacid in this situation brings a sense of optimism. By supporting the liver's health and aiding in detoxification, it shows promise as an ally in treating various liver conditions.

How Thioctacid Works

Mechanism of action in the cellular level

Thioctacid primarily works within cells, explicitly targeting mitochondria to regulate their function, improve glucose usage, and optimize energy production. Additionally, it prefers specific cellular receptors influencing internal signaling pathways, leading to a wide range of therapeutic benefits.

Role in energy metabolism

Thioctacid has a role in energy metabolism. It functions as a co-factor in enzymatic reactions crucial for synthesizing adenosine triphosphate (ATP). This leads to cells equipped with Thioctacid having improved energy production, which is essential for optimal performance.

The science behind its antioxidant effects

The antioxidant properties of Thioctacid are pretty complex. Its ability to provide electrons, its capability to bind with metals, and its effectiveness in replenishing antioxidants such as vitamin E and glutathione all solidify its role as a powerful antioxidant.

Dosage and Administration

The usual daily dosage of Thioctacid for adults is generally between 300 to 600 mg. However, the specific recommendation can vary depending on needs, the severity of the condition, and the doctor's judgment.

Route of administration: Oral vs. intravenous

Thioctacid can be taken by mouth or through an IV. Taking it orally is convenient and commonly used for treatment. On the other hand, using an IV provides a fast response and is usually only done in urgent situations or when taking medication by mouth isn't possible.

Factors affecting dosage decisions

Several factors affect the determination of Thioctacids dosage, such, as the person's age and body weight, the seriousness of their condition, any other health issues they may have, and the medications they are currently taking.

Composition of Thioctacid

Active ingredients and their proportions

The main component found in Thioctacid is called alpha acid. The amount of alpha lipoic acid can differ depending on the formulation, but it usually falls within the range of 300 to 600 mg per dose.

Inactive components and their purpose

Like any other medical product, Thioctacid includes various inactive components that act as binders, fillers, and stabilizers. These substances play a role in maintaining the drug stability, extending its shelf life, and facilitating the proper release and absorption of the medication.

Common Side Effects

Gastrointestinal disturbances: nausea, vomiting

Some people may encounter issues like feeling sick or throwing up after taking Thioctacid. Although these symptoms are typically temporary, you must inform your healthcare provider if they worsen.

Allergic reactions and skin rashes

While it is not common, some individuals may experience reactions to Thioctacid, which can result in skin rashes, itching, or more systemic severe reactions. If there is any suspicion of a response, it is essential to seek immediate medical attention.

Dizziness and vertigo

Some patients might feel dizzy or experience vertigo after taking the medication. Refraining from activities that demand focus, like driving, is advisable until the effects subside.

Serious Side Effects and Warnings

Potential hepatic and renal issues

While Thioctacid can affect liver health, it is essential to note that in some instances, particularly among individuals with pre-existing conditions, it may worsen hepatic or renal problems. Therefore, monitoring liver and kidney function tests when undergoing long-term treatment is crucial.

Hypoglycemia risks for diabetic patients

Considering its involvement in the processing of glucose, Thioctacid has the potential to enhance the effectiveness of medications, which could potentially result in low blood sugar levels. It is essential for individuals with diabetes to diligently monitor their blood sugar levels and make appropriate adjustments to their medication dosages accordingly.

Neurological concerns

Neurological side effects, although uncommon, should not be disregarded. You must inform your healthcare provider if you experience numbness, tingling, or cognitive difficulties.

Off-label Use of Thioctacid

Potential benefits in Alzheimer’s disease

Thioctacid (alpha-lipoic acid) has been studied for its potential effectiveness in treating Alzheimer’s disease 1Its ability to act as an antioxidant and improve function may help alleviate the progression of neurodegenerative processes, providing hope for those affected by this devastating condition 1.

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1Alpha-Lipoic Acid Uses, Benefits & Dosage -

Role in weight management

Thioctacid (alpha-lipoic acid) has been studied for its potential effectiveness in managing weight 1It increases the absorption of glucose in our cells and improves how we use energy, which ultimately assists in burning calories and managing weight 1.

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1Alpha-Lipoic Acid Uses, Benefits & Dosage -

Applications in skin care and anti-aging

Thioctacid (alpha-lipoic acid) has antioxidant properties that have been studied for their potential effectiveness in skincare and anti-aging 12345By neutralizing free radicals and strengthening the skin’s natural defense mechanisms, it aims to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, improve skin texture and elasticity, and give a youthful radiant complexion 12345.

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1Antioxidant Skincare: How to Use Antioxidants for Anti-Aging - Byrdie 2Best Antioxidants for Aging Skin: Do Antioxidant in Skincare Work? 3Antioxidants for Acne, Wrinkles, and Dark Marks - Antioxidants in Skincare 4The Best Antioxidants for Your Skin & Their Benefits | Dermstore 5Five Super Anti-Aging Antioxidants Your Skin Needs

Interactions with Other Medications

Consequences with antidiabetic agents

Considering the impact of Thioctacid on glucose metabolism, it is essential to be aware that using it together with medications can enhance the effects of low blood sugar. Therefore, it is crucial to monitor blood glucose levels and potentially adjust the dosage of antidiabetic medicines.

Interaction with alcohol and its effects

Simultaneously consuming Thioctacid and alcohol can potentially increase stress on the liver. Since both substances are processed by the liver, taking them together could result in levels of liver enzymes. It is essential to be cautious and moderate when combining these two.

Concerns with antihypertensive medications

There is research on the effects of Thioctacid when taken with antihypertensive drugs. Early findings indicate that it may affect blood pressure levels, so it's essential to monitor and make any necessary dose adjustments.


Situations where Thioctacid should not be used

Thioctacid, while offering benefits, is not a cure-all solution. There are medical situations where its usage is not recommended, including Patients with a known sensitivity to the compound. Certain metabolic disorders that make its use contraindicated. Severe liver or kidney conditions. Please note that Thioctacid may not be suitable for everyone, and it is essential to consult with a healthcare before using it.

Specific health conditions and their risks

People with health conditions, especially those with impaired liver or kidney function, may face increased risks when taking Thioctacid. They need to undergo monitoring and periodic medical checkups in such cases.

Known allergies and hypersensitivity reactions

Allergic responses to Thioctacid while not common require discontinuation of treatment. The symptoms can vary from skin irritations to serious anaphylactic reactions underscoring the need, for prompt medical advice if there is any suspicion.

Careful Administration and Important Precautions

Monitoring liver and kidney function

Regular monitoring of liver and kidney function tests is necessary to ensure the effective use of Thioctacid as it is metabolized in the liver and excreted by the kidneys.

Regular blood sugar level checks for diabetics

People with diabetes who are taking Thioctacid should make sure to check their blood sugar levels. This proactive approach allows for intervention and adjustments in dosage, preventing the occurrence of hypoglycemic episodes.

Awareness of potential dizziness and operation of machinery

Sometimes, Thioctacid may cause a feeling of dizziness. If you experience this side effect, it's best to avoid operating machinery or driving until the symptom disappears.

Special Considerations in Administration

Administration to the Elderly

Elderly patients may require modified doses of Thioctacid due to the changes that occur with aging. Moreover, it is crucial to monitor them as they are at a higher risk of experiencing side effects in this age bracket.

Administration to Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers

The safety of using Thioctacid during pregnancy is still being studied. Initial findings indicate that it's best to be cautious. If you're a nursing mother, it's essential to consider the risks and benefits since Thioctacid can pass into breast milk.

Administration to Children

When giving Thioctacid to children, it's essential to take an approach. This means considering the dosage based on their age, keeping a close eye on them, and being mindful of potential side effects. Our top priority is ensuring children are safe and well taken care of.


Symptoms of Thioctacid overdose

If you consume much Thioctacid, you may experience severe gastrointestinal disturbances, profound hypoglycemia, and neurological manifestations. It is crucial to seek medical attention in these situations.

Immediate actions and treatments

If someone is suspected of taking too much medication, stopping immediately and seeking medical care is recommended. It is advisable to be hospitalized for monitoring and intervention. Depending on the time since the ingestion options, like lavage or activated charcoal, might be considered.

Potential long-term consequences

Excessive and prolonged use of Thioctacid can strain the liver and kidneys, which may result in long-term harm. Being watchful and taking action can help reduce these risks.

Storage Recommendations

Optimal temperature and conditions

To maximize the shelf life and effectiveness of Thioctacid, storing it in a room-temperature environment protected from sunlight and moisture is recommended. A relaxed and dry setting will help preserve its properties.

Shelf life and expiration

Like any medication, Thioctacid has a shelf life. Using the product after its expiration date could potentially reduce its effectiveness. Even cause harmful side effects.

Safe disposal methods

It would be best if you safely disposed of any Thioctacid that has expired or is unused. You can. Return it to a pharmacy or follow the local guidelines for disposing of biomedical waste, which will help ensure environmental safety.

Handling Precautions

Safe handling and transport

Thioctacid must be safeguarded from temperatures and moisture while in transit. It is crucial to maintain the specified conditions during transportation to ensure the integrity of the product.

Guidelines for healthcare professionals

Healthcare professionals working with Thioctacid should follow guidelines to ensure it is stored, administered, and disposed of safely. This is important to protect the health of both patients and the environment.

Patient safety and storage tips

It is essential for individuals who are prescribed Thioctacid to keep it in a place where children and pets cannot access it. Storing it in its packaging away from direct sunlight and moisture helps maintain its effectiveness as a therapeutic treatment.

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