Metformin is used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
How it Works
Metformin helps in allowing the body to make full use of the reduced amount of Insulin that occurs in type 2 diabetes patients. Insulin occurs naturally in the body's pancreas which helps to control the level of glucose(Sugars) in your blood, insufficient or inaffective insulin results in the condition called diabetes mellitus. Metformin helps in treatment of the type 2 diabetes.
Common Side effects
Patients who take Metformin may suffer from such side effects; Headache, Bloating, Flushing, Changes in the nails, Altered taste, Abdominal pain, Diarrhoea, Loss of appetite, A metallic taste in the mouth, Nausea, Vomiting
Glucophage is an anti-diabetic drug. This medicine plays a vital role in the control of blood sugar levels. This is usually prescribed to patients with noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus. The generic name for this drug is metformin. Mano Pharma, Franco Indian Pharmaceuticals, WALLACE, Lupin, and USV are the companies manufacturing this medicine. Common brand names for this drug are Glumet XR, Glyciphage, Cetapin, Metfor, Metformin, and Zometh.
The primary ingredient of this drug is metformin hydrochloride which is a crystalline compound that is off-white in colour. Aside from this ingredient, there are inactive ingredients of this drug as well, namely hypromellose, magnesium stearate and carboxymethyl cellulose. It comes in a tablet form and should be consumed orally.
METFORMIN HYDROCHLORIDE is the main component of this drug. It is a crystalline compound that is off-white to white in color. This component is 165.63 in molecular weight. It is a water-soluble and acetone insoluble drug. This drug consists of inactive ingredients such as magnesium stearate, hypromellose, and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose.
Dosage and administration
The dosage of this drug is taken 500mg twice a day or 850mg once a day. The dosage requirement can vary depending on the patient's condition, and the doctors advise.
There is an increased risk is associated with renal impairment, sepsis, dehydration, excess alcohol intake, hepatic impairment, and acute congestive heart failure when taking metformin.Lactic acidosis is a rare, but serious complication that may occur due to metformin accumulation as well.
Some of the side-effects that may occur when taking metformin are abdominal pains, diarrhea, fever, chills, lower back pain, muscle aches, exhaustion, decreased appetite and cough. Seek immediate medical attention if you feel any of these side effects listed.
Metformin has to be stored away from children and pets at room temperature. Metformin should also be kept away from extreme heat, moisture and cold