Paliperidone Extended Release is an atypical antipsychotic that is prescribed to help treat schizophrenia.

Generic Invega


Paliris, Palip XR3


Sun Pharma, Intas

Extended Release Tablet

3 mg


Out of Stock.



The progress made in pharmacology has brought about the creation of drugs that are designed to address specific medical needs. One drug that stands out in this regard is Paliperidone, which has proven to be highly effective, in treating psychiatric disorders. This article explores the origins and development of Paliperidone sheds light on its category and mode of action and offers guidance on the appropriate dosages and administration methods.

Background and Development of Paliperidone

Paliperidone, a derivative of Risperidone, has become a figure in the field of psychiatric medication in recent years. Originally studied for its benefits in treating schizophrenia, it quickly gained popularity as a preferred antipsychotic due to several inherent advantages.

  • The extended-release formulation ensures consistent levels of the medication in the bloodstream.
  • It has a reduced likelihood of causing adverse effects.
  • Patients find it convenient to take one dose per day, which improves their adherence to the treatment.

Therapeutic Class and Mechanism

Paliperidone, classified as an antipsychotic, stands apart from its traditional counterparts. Its primary function involves the antagonism of receptors responsible for neurotransmission in the brain. This gives rise to an intricate mechanism of action.

How Paliperidone Works

The way Paliperidone works in the body is quite complex. It interacts with neurotransmitters, triggering a series of changes in brain chemistry that ultimately lead to therapeutic effects.

Neurotransmitter Modulation

Neurotransmitters, which are the messengers of our nervous system, have a significant impact on our cognitive abilities and emotions. Paliperidone acts by regulating these messengers, leading to an interplay of neural interactions. It helps reduce excessive dopamine activity and alleviates symptoms associated with psychosis. Additionally, its exchange with receptors brings about both antipsychotic effects and helps stabilize mood.

Effects on Dopaminergic and Serotonergic Systems

Dopamine and serotonin, which are neurotransmitters, play a central role in mood disorders and psychosis. Paliperidone works by blocking the activity of D2 (dopamine) and 5 HT2A (serotonin) receptors, providing two therapeutic effects. By calming dopaminergic circuits it reduces hallucinations and delusions. Additionally, its influence on pathways helps stabilize mood and alleviate depressive symptoms often associated with schizophrenia.

Dosage and Administration

Accurately dosing Paliperidone is crucial. The therapeutic advantages are closely linked to the levels of the drug in the bloodstream, emphasizing the importance of customizing the dosage for each individual's needs.

The recommended initial dosage for Paliperidone varies depending on the clinical condition.

For schizophrenia, it is suggested to start with a dosage of 6 mg per day and then adjust it according to how the patient responds and tolerates the medication.

When it comes to disorder, dosages usually range from 3 mg to 12 mg. They are adjusted based on the severity of symptoms and how the patient reacts to the treatment.

Route of Administration

Paliperidone is typically taken by mouth in the form of extended-release tablets. This formulation allows for a release of the drug, eliminating the requirement for multiple daily doses and making it easier for patients to stick to their medication regimen.

Adjustments for Specific Patient Groups

Certain groups of patients, like individuals, those with kidney problems, or those taking other medications at the same time, may require changes to their dosage.

It is important to monitor these patients and make thoughtful adjustments based on clinical expertise and feedback from the patients themselves.

This approach ensures that the treatment is effective while also prioritizing safety.

Uses of Paliperidone

In the constantly changing field of psychopharmacology, Paliperidone(1) stands out as a reliable and effective treatment for a range of psychiatric disorders. Its complex mechanisms of action contribute to its effectiveness, making it an essential tool in the psychiatrist's toolkit.

1. WebMD - Paliperidone Oral 

Schizophrenia Treatment

Schizophrenia is a neuropsychiatric disorder that presents with various cognitive, positive, and negative symptoms. Addressing the imbalances in neurotransmitters dopamine requires careful interventions.

  • Paliperidone, known for its ability to block dopamine receptors effectively, helps alleviate symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions.(1)
  • Additionally, it also shows promise in improving symptoms—a domain where many antipsychotic medications struggle.(2)
  • Furthermore, its extended-release formulation ensures therapeutic levels over time, promoting better adherence and reducing the likelihood of relapse.

1. NCBI - Paliperidone to treat psychotic disorders 

2. PubMed Central - Paliperidone Palmitate for Schizoaffective Disorder: A Review of the Clinical Evidence

Schizoaffective Disorder Management

Schizoaffective disorder, which is characterized by a combination of symptoms from schizophrenia(1) and mood disorders, requires a nuanced approach to treatment.

  • In this regard, Paliperidone has proven to be quite effective. It works by targeting both serotonergic receptors, making it well-suited for managing both psychotic symptoms and mood-related issues at the same time.(2)
  • One of the benefits of Paliperidone is its ability to stabilize mood fluctuations that are commonly experienced by schizoaffective patients.
  • Additionally, it has a side effect profile, which makes it a preferred choice for long-term management.(3)

1. BMC Psychiatry - Clinical outcomes of paliperidone long-acting injection in patients with schizophrenia: a 1-year retrospective cohort study

2. - Paliperidone Palmitate Once-Monthly Reduces Risk of Relapse of Psychotic, Depressive, and Manic Symptoms and Maintains Functioning in a Double-Blind, Randomized Study of Schizoaffective Disorder

3. Nami.Org - Paliperidone


Role in Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a condition that involves fluctuating between highs and lows. In order to address these mood swings, certain medications are used. Paliperidone, although not typically the first choice of treatment, has shown effectiveness in certain situations.

  • It works by adjusting levels to help with depressive episodes and by blocking dopamine to reduce manic episodes.
  • When used in addition to medications or when typical mood stabilizers are not effective, Paliperidone can make a significant difference in bringing stability to individuals experiencing turbulence in their moods.
  • Furthermore, Paliperidone's consistent release ensures that mood stabilization is maintained for periods, reducing the likelihood of relapses.

Off-label Uses of Paliperidone

The diverse range of applications for Paliperidone, a known antipsychotic medication used to effectively treat certain neuropsychiatric disorders, has caught the attention of clinicians. Its ability to modulate neurotransmitters in a manner makes it a promising option for various off-label uses, which we will delve into in this discussion.

Treatment of Depression

Depression, a condition that affects one's thinking and emotions, has been the focus of treatment options. It's interesting to discuss the use of Paliperidone in this context. Its ability to block receptors may help alleviate symptoms of major depressive disorder, particularly when traditional antidepressants are not effective.

When combined with medications for stabilizing mood or treating depression, Paliperidone could potentially improve treatment outcomes, especially for cases that are resistant to standard approaches. This unique approach brings a ray of hope to those who are trapped in the grip of depression.

Management of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder presents a challenge when it comes to treatment due to its persistent obsessions and compulsions. The exploration of Paliperidone in this context is exciting and Shows promise.

  • By regulating the serotonergic circuits, Paliperidone may help decrease the intensity and frequency of obsessions and compulsions.
  • It could potentially bring relief for patients who have not responded well to treatments, leading to a notable reduction in symptoms.
  • While it's not a solution, the introduction of Paliperidone highlights the evolving approaches to managing OCD through medication.

Role in Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders, which encompass a variety of conditions characterized by fear and concern, often present challenges when it comes to finding effective treatment. There is growing interest in using Paliperidone off-label to address these situations.

  • Its ability to affect both dopamine and serotonin pathways may provide relief for individuals struggling with anxiety, panic attacks, or similar disorders.
  • For cases where traditional anxiety medications prove ineffective, Paliperidone could potentially bring about a sense of tranquility. Improved management.
  • The extended-release nature of Paliperidone ensures that therapeutic levels remain consistent, over time offering alleviation from the distressing symptoms associated with anxiety.


Paliperidone, like all medications, consists of an active therapeutic substance and additional compounds that provide specific beneficial characteristics to the drug formulation. Recognizing this composition is crucial for both healthcare professionals and individuals seeking treatment.

Active Ingredients

The main component that brings about the desired effects of Paliperidone, a medication used in therapy, is known as its ingredient. This active ingredient, Paliperidone itself, is derived from Risperidone, a drug and plays a crucial role in achieving the intended neuropsychiatric outcomes.

Inactive Ingredients and Fillers

In addition to the ingredients, the formulation includes other compounds that serve different purposes but help with the delivery and stability of the medication.

  • These include binders, which assist in forming and keeping the tablet intact.
  • Preservatives are used to ensure that the medication remains effective for a time and prevents any contamination from microorganisms.
  • Disintegrants help in breaking down the tablet after it is swallowed so that it can dissolve properly.
  • Colorants and flavoring agents are added to make the drug visually appealing and more enjoyable to consume.


It is crucial to store Paliperidone in the conditions to ensure its effectiveness and protect its quality.

Ideal Storage Conditions

To ensure Paliperidone remains effective throughout its lifespan, it is important to store it in a dry place away from direct sunlight. It is recommended to keep the temperature between 15°C and 30°C for conditions. Additionally, avoid storing it in areas with humidity or temperatures that fluctuate.

Shelf Life and Stability

Like any medication, Paliperidone has an expiration date. Generally, it remains stable for up to 24 months from the manufacturing date. After this period, its effectiveness may decrease; it is recommended to dispose of the drug.

Interactions with Paliperidone

Interactions play a role in clinical pharmacology as they determine how Paliperidone may interact with other substances, potentially impacting its pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics.

Drug-Drug Interactions

When certain medications that affect kidney function are taken together with Paliperidone, it can change the way Paliperidone works because it is excreted through the kidneys. Some antihypertensive medications can increase the risk of blood pressure when combined with Paliperidone. Additionally, taking drugs that depress the central nervous system can enhance the sedative effects of Paliperidone.

Drug-Food Interactions

Certain types of food have the ability to impact the way Paliperidone is absorbed by the body or its effects. For example, grapefruit has been known to influence enzymes that metabolize drugs. Additionally, consuming alcohol can intensify side effects and negatively affect cognitive function.

Impact on Lab Results and Diagnostics

Paliperidone, although mainly used for purposes, can affect specific laboratory measurements. It may cause an increase in levels due to its dopaminergic antagonistic properties. There is also a possibility of changes in liver enzyme values well as variations, in the complete blood count, which requires regular monitoring.

Side Effects of Paliperidone

Although Paliperidone is considered an advancement in the field of neuropsychiatric treatment, it does come with potential side effects. However, being aware of these risks and taking action can help minimize their severity and consequences.

Common Side Effects: An Overview

Like other antipsychotic medications, there are some common side effects that tend to occur more often.

  • These may include feeling tired or sedated due to the suppression of the nervous system.
  • It is also not uncommon for individuals to experience weight gain as a result of the medication's metabolic effects.
  • Additionally, there is a range of movement disorders known as symptoms that can be associated with this type of medication.

Rare but Serious Side Effects

There are rare side effects that require urgent medical attention, including;

  • Tardive dyskinesia, which is a long-lasting movement disorder.
  •  Neuroleptic malignant syndrome is a neurological condition.
  •  Severe allergic reactions that can cause skin rashes, swelling, or difficulty in breathing.

Long-term Side Effects

Long-term usage of Paliperidone can lead to lasting consequences such as osteoporosis, which is associated with its effects on prolactin levels and bone mineral density. It can also contribute to metabolic syndrome, which encompasses weight gain, dyslipidemia ( lipid levels), and glucose intolerance. Additionally, there may be changes like rhythm disturbances or an increase in blood pressure.

Warnings and Contraindications

Using any medication wisely requires an understanding of its contraindications and potential risks. Paliperidone, which is a neuropsychiatric drug, is not an exception to this principle. While it can be extremely beneficial when used in situations, caution should be exercised in certain circumstances.

Situations Where Paliperidone Should Not Be Used

Although Paliperidone is considered an antipsychotic, there are definite circumstances where its usage is not recommended. These include individuals who have a hypersensitivity to Paliperidone or any of its components, those undergoing concurrent treatment with other medications that may lead to severe drug interactions, and patients with a history of neuroleptic malignant syndrome or tardive dyskinesia associated with antipsychotic treatment.

Potential Risks in Specific Patient Populations

There are groups of people who may face a higher risk when they come into contact with Paliperidone;

1. Elderly patients, those who have dementia-related psychosis, are at an increased risk of mortality.

2. Individuals with existing heart conditions should be cautious because Paliperidone may prolong the QT interval.

3. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should exercise caution as there is information regarding the effects on fetal or neonatal outcomes.


Pregnant Woman

Careful Administration

Taking the journey with Paliperidone requires more than just sticking to it; it involves being watchful and regularly evaluating to achieve the best results and ensure safety.

Monitoring Parameters

Regular monitoring of parameters can help predict or prevent possible negative events.

  • This includes keeping an eye on cardiac health particularly through regular electrocardiograms to identify any changes in the QT interval.
  • It is also important to assess metabolic factors such as lipid levels and blood glucose.
  • Additionally, routine evaluations should be conducted to check for any signs of symptoms or tardive dyskinesia.

When to Seek Medical Attention

Being able to identify early warning signs can greatly help in reducing the effects. Look out for any involuntary movements or stiffness in your muscles. Pay attention to indications of a reaction, such as skin rashes, swelling, or difficulty breathing. Additionally, be mindful of experiencing drowsiness, confusion, or other noticeable cognitive impairments.

Important Precautions with Paliperidone

While taking Paliperidone can lead to improved well-being, it's important to make certain sacrifices and exercise caution to avoid any obstacles and ensure a smooth journey.

Avoiding Alcohol and Certain Medications

There are substances that can have a significant impact on the way Paliperidone works, and using them together can be risky.

  • For instance, alcohol can enhance its effects and negatively affect cognitive function.
  • Moreover, medications that either trigger or inhibit hepatic enzymes can change how Paliperidone is processed in the body, which can affect its desired effects as well as any potential side effects.
  • Finally, if taken alongside central nervous system depressants, it may worsen sedation or respiratory depression.

Activities to Avoid while on Paliperidone

To ensure the use of Paliperidone, it is important to make certain adjustments to your lifestyle.

  • These include avoiding driving or operating machinery if you feel dizzy or sedated.
  • Additionally, be mindful of temperatures, as Paliperidone can affect your body's ability to regulate temperature.
  • Lastly, try to limit your consumption of caffeine and stimulants, as they may interfere with the effectiveness of the medication.

Administration to the Elderly

Elderly individuals frequently have physical traits and accompanying health conditions that can influence how medications are processed and how they affect the body. As a result, it is crucial to take factors into account and make necessary adjustments when giving Paliperidone to this specific group of people.

Dosage Adjustments

The way drugs like Paliperidone interact within the body can change in individuals because their organs may not function as well, and there could be potential drug interactions.

  • Therefore it is recommended to start treatment with an initial dose and increase it cautiously.
  • Regularly monitoring for both desired effects and any negative effects is crucial to ensure the right dosage adjustments are made.
  • Since older individuals often take medications at the same time, it's important to check for possible interactions between these drugs periodically.

Side Effects Specific to Elderly

Elderly individuals may experience heightened sensitivity to adverse reactions, such as orthostatic hypotension, which can increase the risk of falls. It is possible to observe impairment or worsening of pre-existing dementia. They may also be more prone to experiencing symptoms and tardive dyskinesia.

Administration to Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers

Administering drugs during pregnancy and breastfeeding is an issue as it can have implications for both the mother and the unborn or newborn baby. Making decisions about the use of Paliperidone in these circumstances requires consideration of the risks and benefits involved.

Risks and Benefits

It is important to consider the advantages and disadvantages before using Paliperidone during pregnancy or breastfeeding.

  • Although there is no data on its potential harm to the fetus, it can be used if the benefits outweigh the risks.
  • There is a possibility that Paliperidone may pass into breast milk, so a decision should be made whether to stop nursing or stop taking the medication.
  • The health of the mother is important as untreated psychiatric disorders can negatively impact both maternal and newborn well-being.

Recommendations and Considerations

Although the information may not be clear-cut, there are some recommendations that remain steadfast.

  • If a woman happens to get pregnant while using Paliperidone, it's important not to stop taking it, as this could lead to possible withdrawal symptoms.
  • It is advisable for breastfeeding mothers to keep an eye out for any side effects, in their babies.
  • Regular evaluation of the baby's growth and developmental milestones is crucial if the medication is given after childbirth.

Administration to Children

Due to the development of their organ systems and distinctive metabolic profiles, pediatric patients have a completely distinct pharmacological environment.

Safety and Efficacy

Before starting treatment with Paliperidone in children, it is important to be aware that there is limited information available about its safety and effectiveness in the pediatric population. Children may have side effects, such as changes in behavior or growth issues. It is crucial to monitor for any cognitive, physical, or emotional changes.

Age-specific Dosages

It is important to consider age when determining the dosage to ensure that the treatment is effective and to avoid giving too much medication. The dosing regimen can be based on either weight or body surface area. Adolescents who have a body closer in approximation to adults may need doses that are more similar to those given to adults. It may be necessary to adjust the dose because children's metabolic rates can change rapidly.


When someone takes Paliperidone than recommended for treatment, it is important to quickly recognize and intervene to reduce the potential harm.

Recognizing Symptoms of Paliperidone Overdose

There are signs that indicate an overdose of Paliperidone, including changes in mental state from feeling tired to being in a coma. Additionally, there may be extrapyramidal symptoms or dystonic reactions. Heart rhythm irregularities or palpitations can also suggest a prolonged QT interval.

Immediate Steps and Treatment Recommendations

Acting quickly can save lives when dealing with an overdose;

  • It's crucial to seek medical help. Contact emergency services as soon, as possible.
  • Monitoring the heart for any irregularities. Using appropriate medication if needed is important.
  • Considering the use of activated charcoal may be beneficial if ingested on.

Handling Precautions

It is crucial to prioritize the management and proper disposal of Paliperidone not only for the well-being of patients but also for caregivers and the environment. To prevent ingestion, medications should be kept out of reach of children and pets. If you have any unused doses, it is best to dispose of them appropriately by either returning them to a pharmacy or utilizing drug take-back programs. It is important not to flush Paliperidone down the toilet or drain unless explicitly instructed to do so.

Rated: 5.0 / 5 based on 5.0 customer reviews.

Posted by Calderone on Jul 21, 2019 Verified Purchase

Fast shipping and very affordable prices.

I've been ordering this med for several years and saving thousands for dollars.

Note: does not imply any medical claims from this review.
Posted by Calderone on Feb 14, 2019 Verified Purchase

Reliable service

I have been using Buy-Pharma for a very long time. I am very happy with customer service, fast delivery and medication is always in stock.

Note: does not imply any medical claims from this review.
Posted by Rocco on Jul 1, 2017 Verified Purchase

great service

Very happy with shipping speed.

Note: does not imply any medical claims from this review.
Posted by Rocco on Jul 1, 2017 Verified Purchase

great service

Very happy with shipping speed.

Note: does not imply any medical claims from this review.

Customers also bought

Popular Products

Similar Product