Parlodel (Bromocriptine) is a dopamine agonist used to treat symptoms of hyperprolactinemia by reducing the amount of prolactin in the body. It can be used to manage menstrual cycle disorders and premenstrual symptoms, benign tumours in the pituitary gland, Parkinson's disease, etc.





Novartis India


2.5 mg



I. Introduction

A. Overview of Parlodel

Parlodel, a pharmaceutical breakthrough, is widely recognized for its effectiveness in treating various hormone-related disorders. This medication, containing the ingredient bromocriptine, is crucial in managing conditions caused by hormonal imbalances.

B. Historical Development and FDA Approval

Parlodel's origins can be traced back to scientific research, ultimately leading to its approval by the FDA. This endorsement represents a breakthrough in treating conditions such as Parkinsons' disease and hyperprolactinemia.

II. Composition of Parlodel

A. Active Ingredients

Parlodel's main component is bromocriptine mesylate, a stimulator of dopamine receptors. The complexities of this compound play a role in its distinct therapeutic effects.

B. Pharmaceutical Formulations

Parlodel comes in forms, such as oral tablets and capsules, each designed carefully to ensure maximum absorption and make it easier for patients to follow their treatment.

III. How Parlodel Works

A. Mechanism of Action

Parlodel primarily works by stimulating dopamine receptors, which help regulate the system. This action is crucial in maintaining balance.

B. Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics

Parlodel's effect on neurotransmitter pathways defines its profile, whereas its pharmacokinetics encompass absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion parameters.

IV. Uses of Parlodel

A. Approved Medical Indications

Parlodel is a drug that the FDA approves for the treatment of medical conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, prolactinomas, and disorders related to excessive prolactin levels 1.


1Bromocriptine. High prolactin medicine, side effects, dosage. | Patient

B. Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease

Parlodel is used in the management of Parkinsons' disease to help alleviate motor dysfunctions by replenishing dopamine levels and mitigating symptoms.

C. Management of Prolactinomas

Parlodel is known to be effective in reducing secretion for patients with prolactinomas. This helps in reducing the size of tumors and providing relief from symptoms.

D. Other Hormonal Disorders

In addition to these, Parlodel is effective in addressing types of hormonal imbalances showcasing its versatility as a regulator of the endocrine system.

V. Off-Label Uses of Parlodel

A. Exploring Unapproved Applications

Although not officially approved, Parlodel has been found to have effects on conditions such as infertility and acromegaly, even though it is not explicitly intended for those purposes.

B. Case Studies and Research Findings

Ongoing research and real-life examples consistently reveal the applications of Parlodel, extending its therapeutic benefits beyond its traditional use. This highlights the spectrum of its therapeutic potential.

VI. Dosage and Administration

A. Standard Dosage Guidelines

The dosage of Parlodel is adjusted based on each person's needs with a focus on gradually increasing it to minimize adverse effects.

B. Adjustments for Specific Conditions

When it comes to conditions such as renal impairment, it is crucial to carefully adjust the dosage of Parlodel in order to strike a balance, between effectiveness and minimizing potential risks.

C. Methods of Administration

It is recommended to take Parlodel by mouth and preferably with meals to improve digestion and reduce any stomach discomfort.

VII. Side Effects of Parlodel

A. Common Side Effects

  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Dizziness

B. Rare and Severe Side Effects

Common but more serious adverse reactions may involve irregular heartbeats and scarring of the lungs, requiring careful observation.

C. Managing Side Effects

Managing side effects effectively can be accomplished by adjusting the dosage and providing treatment.

VIII. Important Precautions

A. Prior Health Conditions and Parlodel

Before starting Parlodel therapy, it is essential to assess individuals who have pre-existing cardiovascular conditions.

B. Interactions with Other Medications

The interaction between Parlodel and other medications used for mental health and high blood pressure can have significant implications in a clinical setting.

C. Lifestyle and Dietary Considerations

Making changes, to your lifestyle and diet can significantly improve the effectiveness of Parlodel therapeutic results.

IX. Warnings and Contraindications

A. Situations Where Parlodel Should Not Be Used

Parlodel can be helpful for people, but there are certain situations where it should not be used. If you have uncontrolled blood pressure or are sensitive to medications derived from ergot, you should avoid taking Parlodel. Additionally, if you have a history of heart valve problems, it is advised that you do not undergo Parlodel therapy as it could worsen your condition.

B. Potential Risks and Complications

Although Parlodel has benefits, it also carries possible risks. These risks encompass hypotension, psychiatric disturbances, and, in rare cases, pulmonary fibrosis. To minimize these risks, remaining vigilant and responding promptly to any effects is crucial.

X. Administration in Special Populations

A. Elderly Patients

In patients, it is essential to use Parlodel with caution. Since kidney and liver functions decline with age, it is necessary to adjust the dosage and closely monitor for adverse effects. This helps maintain a balance, between effectiveness and safety.

B. Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers

Parlodel should be used cautiously during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Although it can help reduce lactation, we do not have information about its safety during pregnancy. Therefore, healthcare providers need to weigh the potential risks and benefits.

C. Pediatric Use

Administering Parlodel to populations requires a careful and detailed approach. The dosage needs to be adjusted based on the child's age and weight and it is crucial to closely monitor for any developmental or physiological responses.

XI. Handling Overdosage

A. Identifying Symptoms of Overdose

It is crucial to be able to identify the signs of an overdose of Parlodel. These signs may include feeling nauseous, vomiting, experiencing high blood pressure, and even having hallucinations. Promptly recognizing these symptoms is vital for timely treatment.

B. Immediate Steps and Medical Interventions

If someone experiences an overdose, it is essential to seek medical help. The treatment primarily aims to provide support, such as stabilizing blood pressure and addressing severe neurological symptoms. In some cases, hospitalization might be necessary for comprehensive management.

XII. Storage and Handling Precautions

A. Proper Storage Conditions

It is crucial to store Parlodel to ensure that it remains effective. The medication should be stored at room temperature, away from moisture and direct sunlight, to maintain its efficacy. This will help preserve its stability and effectiveness over time.

B. Safety Measures in Handling Parlodel

It is crucial to follow safety guidelines when using Parlodel. This involves taking precautions to prevent the medication from being contaminated, keeping it from children to avoid accidental ingestion, and maintaining a safe environment.

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