Bimatoprost/ Timolol

Bimatoprost/Timolol Eye Drop alleviates elevated intraocular pressure in individuals suffering from open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension, who are insufficiently responsive to topical beta-blockers or prostaglandin analogues.

Generic Ganfort

Bimatoprost/ Timolol

Careprost Plus


Allergan, Sun Pharma

Eye Drop

Bimatoprost 0.3 mg/mL / Timolol 5 mg/mL


I. Introduction to Bimatoprost/Timolol

Overview of the Medication

Bimatoprost/Timolol is a compounded ophthalmic solution, renowned for its efficacy in reducing intraocular pressure in individuals diagnosed with glaucoma or ocular hypertension. This dual-action medication synergistically combines the prostaglandin analog, Bimatoprost, and the beta-blocker, Timolol, to offer a robust therapeutic effect.

Significance in Medical Treatment

Its critical role extends beyond mere symptom management; Bimatoprost/Timolol is instrumental in preventing the progression of glaucomatous damage, thereby preserving visual function. This treatment is pivotal for patients who require more than one type of medication for adequate control of intraocular pressure.

II. Composition of Bimatoprost/Timolol

Active Ingredients and Their Roles

  • Bimatoprost: Primarily functions by increasing the outflow of aqueous fluid from the eyes, thus reducing intraocular pressure.
  • Timolol: Works by diminishing the production of aqueous humor, complementing Bimatoprost’s mechanism and enhancing overall efficacy.

Formulation and Pharmaceutical Forms

The formulation is typically available as an ophthalmic solution, designed for direct instillation into the conjunctival sac. The precise engineering of this formulation ensures optimal absorption and minimal systemic exposure.

III. Uses of Bimatoprost/Timolol

Primary Indications in Eye Care

This medication is predominantly prescribed for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension, conditions that pose a significant risk for vision loss.

Comparative Effectiveness with Other Medications

Studies have demonstrated that Bimatoprost/Timolol is often more effective than monotherapy, making it a superior choice for patients who are not adequately controlled on a single agent.

IV. Off-Label Uses of Bimatoprost/Timolol

Expanding Beyond Traditional Uses

While not officially approved for these uses, physicians sometimes prescribe Bimatoprost/Timolol for conditions such as secondary glaucoma and pre-surgical management to reduce intraocular pressure transiently.

Evidence Supporting Off-Label Applications

Clinical trials and patient case studies have occasionally reported success in these extended applications, although these uses are based on the clinician's discretion and are supported by less formal evidence.

V. How Bimatoprost/Timolol Works

Mechanism of Action Explained

This combination medication leverages two distinct mechanisms: increasing aqueous humor outflow (Bimatoprost) and reducing aqueous humor production (Timolol), effectively lowering intraocular pressure.

Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics

Bimatoprost is rapidly absorbed through the cornea, where it then exerts its effect primarily at the ciliary body. Timolol, being a beta-blocker, decreases the formation of aqueous humor by the ciliary epithelium. The systemic absorption of both components is minimal, which generally limits their systemic effects and interactions.

VI. Dosage and Administration of Bimatoprost/Timolol

Recommended Dosages for Different Conditions

The standard recommended dosage for managing elevated intraocular pressure in adults is one drop in the affected eye(s) once daily in the evening. This regimen may vary based on the patient’s response and the severity of the condition.

Tips on Proper Administration

  • Ensure hands are clean and dry before use to prevent contamination of the dropper.
  • Avoid touching the dropper tip against the eye or any other surface.
  • Press gently on the tear duct for a minute after administration to minimize systemic absorption.

VII. Side Effects of Bimatoprost/Timolol

Overview of Common Side Effects

Patients may experience a range of side effects, the most common being conjunctival hyperemia, eye irritation, and eyelash growth. Systemic effects are rare but can include respiratory symptoms and fatigue.

Managing Side Effects and Symptom Relief

Most side effects are mild and self-limiting. However, persistent or severe symptoms should be discussed with a healthcare provider, who may adjust the treatment regimen or suggest supportive care strategies.

VIII. Serious Side Effects and Adverse Reactions

Identifying Serious Reactions

Serious adverse reactions include acute respiratory problems, cardiac effects, and allergic reactions, which require immediate medical attention.

Steps to Take in Case of Severe Adverse Effects

If a patient experiences severe side effects, the following steps are recommended:

  • Discontinue the medication immediately.
  • Contact a healthcare professional for assessment and possible intervention.
  • Monitor symptoms closely and report any changes to the healthcare provider.

Understanding the dual functionality of Bimatoprost/Timolol, its potential side effects, and the proper administration techniques ensures that patients and caregivers can effectively manage treatment while minimizing risks and maximizing therapeutic benefits.

IX. Drug Interactions with Bimatoprost/Timolol

Common and Significant Interactions

Bimatoprost/Timolol may interact with several other medications, potentially altering their effects. Notable interactions include other ocular medications, certain antidepressants, and beta-blockers used for cardiovascular conditions. The concomitant use of two or more beta-blockers can exacerbate the effects on heart rate and blood pressure.

Managing Potential Interaction Risks

  • Patients should always inform their healthcare provider about all medications they are taking, including over-the-counter drugs and herbal supplements.
  • Monitoring for symptoms of increased systemic beta-blockade or decreased effectiveness of the eye drops is crucial.
  • Dosage adjustments or alternative therapies may be necessary to mitigate interaction risks.

X. Warnings and Contraindications

Specific Patient Populations at Risk

Patients with pre-existing respiratory conditions such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at increased risk when using Bimatoprost/Timolol due to the beta-blocking properties of Timolol that can potentiate respiratory symptoms.

Conditions Under Which to Avoid Use

This medication is contraindicated in individuals with severe allergic reactions to any component of the product, as well as in patients with sinus bradycardia, heart block greater than the first degree, or overt cardiac failure.

XI. Special Considerations for Bimatoprost/Timolol

Administration to Elderly Patients

Elderly patients may be more susceptible to the systemic effects of beta-blockers and require careful monitoring and dose adjustments based on their overall health status and concurrent medications.

Considerations for Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers

The safety of Bimatoprost/Timolol during pregnancy and lactation has not been established. Use in these populations should be considered only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus or infant.

Guidelines for Use in Children

The safety and efficacy of Bimatoprost/Timolol in pediatric patients have not been well studied, and therefore, it should be used with caution and under close supervision by a healthcare provider.

XII. Handling and Storage of Bimatoprost/Timolol

Optimal Storage Conditions

To maintain its efficacy, Bimatoprost/Timolol should be stored at room temperature away from light and moisture. It should not be stored in the bathroom or frozen.

Safe Handling Practices to Ensure Efficacy

  • Wash hands before and after use to prevent contamination of the dropper tip and solution.
  • Avoid shaking the bottle and keep the cap tightly closed when not in use.

XIII. What to Do in Case of Overdose

Symptoms of Overdosage

An overdose of Bimatoprost/Timolol can lead to exacerbated side effects, including bradycardia, respiratory difficulties, and hypotension. Patients might also experience headache, dizziness, and nausea.

Immediate Actions and Antidote Information

In the event of an overdose, the administration of the product should be discontinued and the patient should seek immediate medical attention. Supportive and symptomatic treatment is advised, with special attention to respiratory and cardiovascular functions.

XIV. Important Precautions with Bimatoprost/Timolol

Monitoring and Follow-up

Regular follow-up visits are crucial to monitor the drug's efficacy and any adverse effects. Adjustments to therapy may be necessary based on the patient's response and any side effects experienced.

Preventive Measures and Patient Education

Educating patients on the proper administration technique, potential side effects, and signs of adverse reactions helps enhance safety and effectiveness. Patients should be informed about the importance of adhering to prescribed therapies and monitoring their condition regularly.

Rated: 5.0 / 5 based on 5.0 customer reviews.

Posted by Sylvia on Sep 2, 2017 Verified Purchase

Eyelash Growth

This product resulted in significant eyelash length and thickness in about 1 month of nightly use. I applied one drop to each lashline and eyebrow before bed. It was safe and effective for me. Once you discontinue use your eyelashes will return to there former length so be sure to always have an extra bottle on hand. Great company!

Note: does not imply any medical claims from this review.
Posted by Delsena on Jan 22, 2015 Verified Purchase

Lush Lashes

Thisd is the only product that give garranteed results for longer thicker lashes. I've been using this for years and my lasher are way thicker than they were when I was younger and longer.

Note: does not imply any medical claims from this review.

Customers also bought

Popular Products

Similar Product