Losartan is used in the treatment of hypertension, heart failure, heart attack and diabetic kidney disease.
How it Works
Losartan is known as an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. Losartan works by inhibiting ACE which means it blocks or inhibits a chemical called angiotensin-converting enzyme, which in turn blocks the production of angiotensin II which is the main reason of constricting of the blood vessels, which tends to raise blood pressure.
Common Side effects
Patients who take Losartan may suffer from such side effects; Fatigue, Orthostatic hypotension, Renal impairment, Vertigo, Dizziness, Increased potassium level in blood, Weakness, Anemia
Cozaar belongs to the drug category known as angiotension II receptor antagonist. It lowers the blood pressure by keeping the blood vessels narrow, which helps in improving the blood flow. The generic name for Cozaar is losartan potassium. This medication is manufactured by FDC, RPG Life Sciences, CADILA, Micro Carsyon, and Ranbaxy. Other popular trade names are Covance, Repace, and Cosart.
The main ingredient of this drug is LOSARTAN POTASSIUM. This component is a non peptide molecule. It is off white to white in color. It has a molecular weight of 461.01. The medication is both water soluble and alcohol soluble, however, it is only slightly soluble in organic solvent. This drug can be purchased online and in local drug stores. Inactive components comprising the drug are lactose hydrous, titanium dioxide, starch, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose.
This drug can be used in the treatment of hypertension, or it can be used with other anti hypertensive drugs for maximum effect. It can be of great help for patients with left ventricular hypertrophy. It can also work for the treatment of neuropathy brought by insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
Dosage and administration
This drug can be taken orally on a full or empty stomach. The initial dosage recommended of this drug is usually 50 mg once a day. However, dosage can be subsequently adjusted depending on the patients requirements
Do not use Losartan if you are pregnant. If you have any allergies to Losartan do not consume this drug. Do not use losartan together with any medication that contains aliskiren.
In rare cases, losartan can cause a condition that results in the breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue. Which can lead to kidney failure. Seek medical attention right away if you have unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness.
The side effects that may occur with taking Losartan are back pains, dizziness, abdominal pains, bladder pain, blurred vision, sinus inflammation, nausea and irregular heartbeat. Please seek medical attention immediately if experiencing any of these side effects.
Losartan has to be stored at room temperature. Losartan has to be kept away from extreme heat, cold and moisture. Losartan also has to be kept away from children.