Sitagliptin is used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus which is also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM).
How it Works
Sitagliptin is known as a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor. Sitagliptin operates by reducing the amount of glucagon and increases the amount of insulin produced by the pancreas to coltrol the blood sugar levels in the body. Glucagon causes the liver to produce more sugar, so by Sitagliptin reducing the amount of glucagon in the body, this also helps to reduce the levels of glucose in the blood.
Common Side effects
Patients who take Sitagliptin may suffer from such side effects; Headaches, Mild nausea Upset stomach, Diarrhoea, Constipation, Headache, Upper respiratory tract infection, Hypoglycaemia (Low blood sugar level), Nasopharyngitis, Runny nose, sore throat, Joint or muscle pain