Clofazimine is prescribed as part of the treatment of lepromatous leprosy, including dapsone-resistant lepromatous leprosy and lepromatous leprosy complicated by erythema nodosum leprosum.

Lamprene 100, Lamprene 50


Hansepran 100, Hansepran 50




100 mg, 50 mg



I. Introduction to Clofazimine

A. Brief Overview of Clofazimine

Clofazimine is a type of medication commonly used to treat leprosy. It falls under the category of drugs called electrostatics, which are known for their ability to suppress the system and reduce inflammation. Developed back in the 1950s, one unique characteristic of clofazimine is its reddish purple color and its ability to absorb light.

B. Historical Development and Use

Clofazimine was first discovered in the laboratories of Trinity College Dublin in the 1950s. Initially, it was recognized for its ability to fight against mycobacterial infections. However, it wasn't until 1986 that the drug received FDA approval after clinical trials. Since then, it has been primarily used for treating leprosy caused by Mycobacterium leprae.

II. Composition and Structure of Clofazimine

A. Chemical and Physical Characteristics

Clofazimine, chemically known as 3 (p chloroanilino) 10 (p chlorophenyl) 2,10 dihydro 2 isopropyliminophenazine is a phenazine dye. It has a weight of 473.35 g/mol and appears as bright red crystals. While it is not soluble in water, it does have some solubility in lipids, which plays a role in its biological effects.


B. Therapeutic Classification

Clofazimine is categorized as an agent in the field of therapy. It falls under the drug class known as prostatic, which is medication primarily used to treat leprosy. In addition to its effectiveness against leprosy, clofazimine also possesses inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties making it a valuable resource for managing specific autoimmune disorders.

III. How Clofazimine Works: Mechanism of Action

A. Interactions with Bacteria

The exact way clofazimine works against mycobacteria is still not fully understood. It is believed that the drug has a preference for binding to DNA, which hampers replication and destroys bacteria. Additionally, it seems to disrupt respiration and energy generation, ultimately hindering the survival and growth of the pathogen.

B. Impact on Body's Immune Response

Clofazimine has effects on the immune system of the body. Interestingly it helps to decrease the response by mainly suppressing the functions of lymphocytes and macrophages. Additionally, it can regulate the production of cytokines, like Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF α), which reduces the body's immune response and relieves inflammation symptoms.

IV. Approved Uses of Clofazimine

Clofazimine is primarily used to treat leprosy, the multibacillary type. It is commonly prescribed as part of combination therapy to prevent the development of drug resistance. In addition to its use, clofazimine has shown effectiveness in managing erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL), which is a severe inflammatory complication of leprosy. The diverse therapeutic possibilities of clofazimine are still being investigated in response, to emerging and microbial challenges1.

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A. Primary Indications: Leprosy Treatment

Clofazimine is a medication prescribed for treating leprosy for cases of multibacillary (MB) leprosy and erythema nodosum leprosum.

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B. Additional FDA-Approved Applications

Clofazimine is 95% effective in treating Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) when administered with a macrolide, ethambutol, and the drugs amikacin and clarithromycin.

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V. Off-Label Uses of Clofazimine

A. Use in Multi-drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB)

Clofazimine has been utilized in an off-label manner to address the challenges posed by drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB).

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B. Treatment of Various Skin Conditions

Clofazimine has been prescribed for treating skin conditions, including Lichen planus, Pyoderma gangrenosum, Granuloma annular, and Discoid lupus erythematosus.

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C. Potential Use in Other Infectious Diseases

Clofazimine has been extensively researched for its potential to treat the following conditions:

  1. Infections caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
  2. Diseases related to Buruli ulcer.
  3. Diseases associated with Chronic Q fever.

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VI. Dosage and Administration Guidelines for Clofazimine

The recommended dosage and administration instructions for clofazimine may differ based on the condition being treated. It is crucial to adhere to your doctor's guidance in this matter.

A. Standard Dosage for Adults

The usual dose of clofazimine for adults with leprosy generally falls within the range of 50 to 100mg daily. This is typically given as a part of a treatment plan that involves drugs, often alongside dapsone and rifampicin. Nevertheless, it's crucial to emphasize that the specific dosage should be customized according to each patient's medical situation and should always be decided in consultation with a healthcare professional.

B. Modifications for Special Populations

In specific groups of people, the recommended amount of clofazimine may need to be adjusted based on factors like changes in how the body processes the drug or individual risk factors. For example; for Patients with kidney problems; Since clofazimine is mainly eliminated through feces, no dose adjustment is usually needed for patients with kidney impairment. Patients with liver problems; Although there are no dosage guidelines for patients with liver impairment, it is often advised to take a cautious approach due to how clofazimine is processed in the liver.

VII. Special Administration Considerations

A. Administration to Elderly Patients

Although clofazimine can be given to patients, it's essential to exercise caution because they may have an increased risk of kidney, liver, or heart problems. Additionally, they may have medical conditions or be taking other medications. Therefore it's crucial to personalize the treatment plan and monitor their progress to minimize potential risks.

B. Administration to Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers

Clofazimine should only be used during pregnancy if the benefits outweigh the risks to the unborn baby. Furthermore, it is uncertain whether clofazimine passes into breast milk. Therefore a decision should be made regarding whether to stop breastfeeding or continue taking the medication, considering its significance for the mother's health.

C. Administration to Children

It is generally not advisable to administer Clofazimine to children below the age of 12 unless no treatment options are available. In some cases, it is essential to closely monitor for any potential side effects and assess the effectiveness of the medication. Adjustments to the dosage may be required well.

VIII. Side Effects Associated with Clofazimine

A. Common Side Effects

Observed adverse reactions to clofazimine may include changes in skin color, discoloration of the eyes, alterations in urine and sweat color changes in sputum, and fecal coloration. Gastrointestinal discomforts like nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea are also possible. Dry and itchy skin or a rash may occur with heightened sunlight sensitivity.

B. Serious but Rare Side Effects

Occasionally some rare side effects can occur when using clofazimine. These include experiencing abdominal or stomach pain, feeling a burning or tingling sensation or having changes in mood, such as depression. It's also possible to develop a skin rash, have a fever, or experience difficulty breathing. If any of these side effects occur, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention. It's essential to remember that healthcare providers prescribe clofazimine because they believe the benefits for the patient outweigh the risks of side effects.

IX. Warnings and Contraindications for Clofazimine

A. Known Contraindications

Clofazimine should not be used by individuals with a known allergy or sensitivity to clofazimine or any ingredients in its formulation. If you experience skin rashes, itching, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, or tongue, it is essential to stop using clofazimine as it could indicate an allergic reaction.

B. Important Precautions and Risks

Preventive measures should be taken into account when administering clofazimine. There is a possibility of experiencing gastrointestinal intolerance, such as abdominal pain and diarrhea. If these symptoms persist, it is essential to seek medical consultation. It is worth noting that clofazimine can often cause a change in skin color ranging from pink to black. This may impact patients, so informing them about this effect before starting the therapy is advisable. Regular ophthalmologic examinations are recommended to ensure safety during long-term treatment due to the deposition of pigment in the eyes.

X. Clofazimine and Drug Interactions

A. Potential Interactions with Other Medications

There is a possibility of interactions between other medications, which can impact their effectiveness or potential risks. When combined with dapsone, clofazimine may intensify the effects of dapsone, thereby increasing the chances of peripheral neuropathy. Additionally, aluminum salts can lower the concentration of clofazimine in the blood, potentially reducing its efficacy.

B. Interactions with Food and Alcohol

For absorption, it is recommended to take Clofazimine with meals. While there are no interactions known between Clofazimine and alcohol, it is advisable to limit alcohol consumption during treatment as it can potentially worsen the side effects of various medications.

XI. Overdose: Symptoms and Management

A. Recognizing Signs of Clofazimine Overdose

If someone takes much clofazimine, they might experience intense stomach pain, feelings of nausea, vomiting, or notice their skin turning pink or brownish-black. It's crucial to seek medical help if suspected of an overdose.


B. Emergency Management and Treatment

If someone takes much clofazimine, it's essential to take immediate supportive actions. If the patient comes in within an hour of taking a harmful dose, the doctor may consider washing out their stomach. After that, the treatment should be based on the patient's condition or follow the local poisons center's advice if one is available.

XII. Storage and Handling Precautions for Clofazimine

A. Proper Storage Conditions

Clofazimine should be stored at room temperature within 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. It is crucial to shield it from moisture and seal it securely in a container. It should be stored out of the reach and sight of children and pets to prevent ingestion. Additionally, it is advisable not to store clofazimine in a bathroom or any other humid areas since the medication may deteriorate due to dampness.

B. Safety Measures for Handling and Disposal

To ensure safety when using clofazimine, it is essential to take precautions and avoid direct skin contact due to the potential for discoloration. Remember to wash your hands after administering the medication. When disposing of clofazimine, never flush it down the toilet. Pour it into a drain unless specifically instructed to do so. The recommended method of disposal is through a medicine take-back program. You can consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for guidance on disposing of this medication.

XIII. Concluding Thoughts on Clofazimine

A. Key Points to Remember

Clofazimine, a type of dye known as riminophenazine, is a medication used to treat leprosy. Although we don't understand how it works, it has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects. While it can be effective, there are some side effects to be aware of, such as changes in skin color and more severe problems with digestion. That's why it's crucial to have thorough discussions with patients about treatment's possible risks and benefits and closely monitor its usage.

B. Future Perspectives on Clofazimine Usage

Recent studies have indicated that clofazimine might have antimicrobial uses beyond leprosy, such as the potential treatment for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis and other nontuberculous mycobacterial diseases. However, it's important to note that these applications are still being explored and require solid evidence from clinical trials. Looking ahead, it's evident that our knowledge of clofazimine and its complete therapeutic capabilities is continuously developing, offering prospects in infectious diseases.

Clofazimine side effects

There is a chance that Clofazimine may cause negative outcomes such as skin discoloration accompanied by sensations of dryness or itching as well as digestive complications like nausea or abdominal pain that could bring about unwanted weight reduction. Although rare circumstances to arise from this medicine would be issues such as depression or having thoughts of suicide one should take appropriate caution nonetheless.

Clofazimine mechanism of action

The specific details behind how Clofazimine exerts its pharmacological effects remain a complex subject under ongoing investigation by scientists in the field, despite this uncertainty. It seems that the drug functions by interacting with bacterial DNA in a way that interferes with its function and suppresses further growth—additionally owing to its anti-inflammatory activity properties attributed to retaining therapeutic potentialities useful in managing various ailments such as leprosy infections.

Clofazimine skin discoloration

Patients should remain informed that Clofazimine may result in changes to their skin coloration as a possible adverse effect. The transition often varies between light pink to brownish black or dark black tones. And its cause can be attributed mainly to gradual drug accumulation into body tissues as it is administered for an extended duration.

Clofazimine tablets 100mg

Clofazimine, 100mg tablets, are valuable in combating leprosy and similar types of mycobacterial illnesses. To ensure optimal results for patients. Qualified professionals must carefully assess individual cases before determining appropriate drug dosages designed to provide maximum safety alongside treatment efficacy.

Clofazimine MOA

Clofazimine functions by binding to bacterial DNA and ultimately impeding its growth and functionality. Furthermore, this medication is effective in treating inflammatory ailments such as leprosy due to its anti-inflammatory characteristics.

Clofazimine uses

Clofazimine serves as a mainstay treatment for leprosy. But it also presents efficacy in addressing other mycobacterial infections and inflammatory dermatoses.

Clofazimine class

Specifically designed to fight off mycobacteria-based infections, Clofazimine is categorized as an antimycobacterial antibiotic. This medication is crucial in treating diseases like leprosy and similar afflictions.

Clofazimine in pregnancy

Pregnant women should use Clofazimine solely when required like all medications. The potential advantages and disadvantages for both mother and fetus must be properly evaluated prior to administering this drug.

Clofazimine for MAC

Despite lacking formal approval as a treatment option for Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infections. Clofazimine has shown encouraging outcomes when used off-label. Patients with weakened immune systems due to conditions like HIV/AIDS are especially vulnerable to contracting this disease.

Clofazimine cost

Potential consumers of Clofazimine are cautioned about the wide range in which its cost can vary between medical practitioners based on various parameters such as insurance status and region served. It is crucial for interested parties to research nearby pharmacies before making a purchase decision to obtain current pricing information, both up-to-date and unbiased in nature.

Clofazimine tuberculosis

While the primary application of Clofazimine is in leprosy treatment, Physicians may also prescribe it off-label for dealing with tough-to-treat forms of tuberculosis that are unresponsive to other medication.

Clofazimine skin

Clofazimine treatment tends to cause skin-related issues, including dryness, itching, and discoloration, where prevention beforehand can be the solution. Since being exposed to sunlight can cause photosensitivity when using this medication, it is encouraged that precautionary sun protection methods be practiced while on it.

Clofazimine skin pigmentation reversible

In most cases where Clofazimine triggers skin pigmentation, subsequent reversal is achievable. However, a prolonged timeframe should be anticipated for complete resolution which could span from many months to even years after therapy cessation.

Clofazimine Novartis

The production of Lamprene, a drug formulated as Clofazimine, is undertaken by the esteemed pharmaceutical manufacturer Novartis.

Clofazimine package insert

To ensure optimum safety and efficacy when taking Clofazimine, you must familiarize yourself with all relevant information provided in the package insert. Herein lies crucial details concerning its intended uses, and potential side effects—appropriate dosage guidelines as well as storage instructions and associated warnings. Your adherence to these guidelines will aid in avoiding any unnecessary risks related to medication use.

Buy Clofazimine online

It can be possible to procure Clofazimine via online channels, provided that you proceed with caution. It's critical to only consider reputable sources, which are linked with authentic pharmacies and mandate proper prescription requirements.

What is Clofazimine

Within treating bacterial illnesses like leprosy or other mycobacterial infections, antibiotics like Clofazimine are often utilized by healthcare professionals. This medication operates by binding to the DNA within bacteria cells, inhibiting their growth and functioning ability.

Clofazimine for ashy dermatosis

Although it is an off-label use Clofazimine can be utilized to treat ashy dermatosis - a type of skin condition whose cause remains unknown. This drugs' capability to reduce inflammation underlies its effectiveness in treating the condition.

Clofazimine price

Pricing for Clofazimine may be influenced by multiple factors like insurance coverage and the specific pharmacy you choose, for precise details on current costs. We suggest contacting a nearby pharmacy and inquiring about their rates.

Clofazimine Lamprene

Lamprene, which is also referred to as Clofazimine in medical terms. 

Clofazimine availability

To obtain clofazimine, one must acquire a valid prescription due to its medicinal properties. Availability may differ correlating with the area and medical requirements of the particular populace.

Clofazimine 100 mg

A prescription for Clofazimine medication can be filled with its available formulation of a 100mg dosage form. The ideal amount for an individual will rely on their specific medical situation such as their current health status, age and how they are responding to treatment so far.

Clofazimine 50 mg

It is worth noting that Clofazimine comes in a 50mg option and with the previously mentioned 100mg dosage. Prescriptions for this medication are tailored to reflect specific patient factors.

Clofazimine tablet

If one intends to take Clofazimine in tablet form, seeking guidance from a healthcare professional beforehand is suggested. A suitable approach would be to have it along with meals as it aids assimilation. 

Clofazimine structure

As an antimycobacterial agent, clofazimine is critical in treating infectious diseases. Its unique composition, boasting a phenazine core and multiple functional groups, enables its impressive therapeutic capabilities as a riminophenazine dye.

Clofazimine dose

Consultation with a healthcare practitioner is necessary while deciding the appropriate amount of Clofazimine for you since dosages may differ depending on certain aspects e.g age, health condition or reaction to medication. Make sure you are following every direction given by your health provider in order to guarantee prudent use.

Clofazimine Mycobacterium abscessus

Off-label usage of Clofazimine may be applicable for addressing infections caused by Mycobacterium abscessus, a form of nontuberculous mycobacteria. It is crucial that medical professionals guide any prescription due to potential adverse reactions.

Clofazimine manufacturer

Under its brand name Lamprene, Novartis produces Clofazimine - an effective medication used for various medical conditions.

Clofazimine ashy dermatosis

When it comes to managing ashy dermatosis, finding effective treatments can be challenging. Researchers have noted that Clofazimines' anti-inflammatory properties may improve this condition and reduce its symptoms in affected individuals.

Clofazimine antibiotic

Leprosy patients can turn to Clofazimine as a trusted solution. As an antibiotic medication within the antimycobacterial antibiotics class, it provides targeted relief from this affliction by addressing its underlying causes.

Clofazimine tablets 100mg price

It's important to acknowledge that various factors like pharmacy type, geographic location, and insurance coverage can influence Clofazimine 100mg tablet prices. Consequently. 

Clofazimine leprosy

To combat leprosy - an enduring infectious disease that results from Mycobacterium leprae infection - multi-drug therapy is administered utilizing several drugs such as the critical component Clofazimine. 

Clofazimine hyperpigmentation

The accumulation of Clofazimine in body tissues over time often results in hyperpigmentation, a skin discoloration ranging from pink to brownish-black that affects many patients as a common side effect.

Clofazimine discoloration

An established side effect associated with Clofazimine is skin discoloration. The complexion can turn a shade of pink, brown, or black upon its consumption, and this occurrence continues beyond cessation of use.

Clofazimine drug

In the realm of anti-tuberculosis medications, Clofazimine stands out as an effective antimycobacterial drug. While predominantly indicated for leprosy. Its off-label use in managing various mycobacteria-related illnesses has been established.

Clofazimine skin color

Patients taking Clofazimine should be aware that it has been linked to adverse effects, including skin discoloration. One possible symptom is a noticeable alteration in skin color- pink, brown, or even black - which can linger after discontinuing treatment and leave patients feeling uncomfortably self-conscious about their appearance.

Clofazimine side effects skin

As a patient taking Clofazimine medication, it is essential to recognize some of the possible skin-associated complications which you may encounter while on treatment. Some general concerns include skin discoloration, dryness, or itchiness akin to the usage of other pharmaceuticals drugs in the market. 

However, it should be known that with Clofazimine medication, rare physiological changes like severe dermatitis and extreme light sensitivity have been noted; hence appropriate health support should be sought in case of any unusual symptoms noticed in course of therapy .

Clofazimine sigma

With a strong reputation in the industry of biochemical and organic chemical supply, Sigma Aldrich includes, among its offerings Clofazimine - a substance exclusively tailored for research usage. It's essential to remember that this particular product must not be employed clinically or consumed by individuals.

Clofazimine ntm

For nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections. 

Healthcare professionals can recommend the use of Clofazimine off-label. It's important to note that this medication should only be used in such a manner under their guidance and expertise.

Clofazimine pigmentation

It should be noted that among the known side effects associated with taking Clofazimine. One aspect that frequently arises is changed in skin pigmentation. The presence of this medication within bodily tissues can lead to various shades of pink to brownish-black discoloration becoming visible on the surface of the skin.

Clofazimine generic name

In numerous countries worldwide, the generic form of Lamprene, namely Clofazimine, is widely prevalent and used frequently.

Clofazimine capsule

To facilitate absorption, patients typically take Clofazimine in capsule form orally along with meals.

Clofazimine capsules ip 50 mg

To obtain Clofazimine, capsules of 50 mg are obtainable. In terms of certification, "IP" signifies Indian Pharmacopoeia and attests that this drug complies with the quality criteria established by that body.

Where to buy Clofazimine

To acquire Clofazimine through conventional channels, make sure you possess the requisite prescription obtained through proper medical consultation. In case that's not feasible or convenient for you, consider purchasing it online from an authentic pharmacy that follows regulated guidelines for dispensing medicines only on receipt of legitimate prescriptions.

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