Ketoconazole Cream is prescribed to treat yeast and fungal infections of the skin, such as athlete's foot, jock itch, ringworm, tinea versicolor, etc.

Generic Nizoral


Nizral Cream, Kz Cream and other generic brands

15g, 30g,40g

Janssen Pharma, Hegde and Hegde Pharma and others



India, Turkey


I. Introduction

A Brief History of Ketoconazole: Ketoconazole was first approved by the FDA in the 1980s and has since been crucial in treating fungal infections. Its effectiveness in addressing types of fungal infections has made it an invaluable asset in pharmaceuticals. Overview of its Medical Importance: Ketoconazole uses have expanded beyond treating fungal infections. It is now utilized for conditions and even specific hormonal imbalances. This medication has proven to be a tool in bridging gaps in modern medical treatments. Scope of the Article: This comprehensive article explores the applications, potential side effects, and necessary precautions associated with Ketoconazole.

II. Uses of Ketoconazole

a. Antifungal Applications

b. Dermatological Uses

Seborrheic Dermatitis: People with this condition may experience flaky skin, usually on their scalp. Using Ketoconazole shampoos can often help improve these symptoms. Tinea Versicolor: Patches of skin identify this condition and can also be treated effectively with Ketoconazole, which has excellent antifungal properties.

The content is correct and accurate, as ketoconazole is a topical antifungal medication that can treat various skin infections caused by fungi, such as seborrheic dermatitis and tinea versicolor12345Ketoconazole works by inhibiting the synthesis of a fungal component called ergosterol, which disrupts the fungal cell membrane and prevents its growth2Ketoconazole can be applied as a cream, gel, foam, or shampoo to the affected areas, usually once or twice a day for two to four weeks depending on the condition and the strength of the product1345Ketoconazole can cause some side effects such as skin irritation, dryness, itching, burning, or hair loss34Ketoconazole should not be used by people who are allergic to it or have liver problems34.

1Ketoconazole cream vs. clotrimazole cream - MedicineNet 2Selenium Sulfide vs Ketoconazole: Which is Better? - Life Pathdoc 3Ketoconazole Cream - Uses, Side Effects, and More - WebMD 4Ketoconazole : an antifungal medicine used to treat skin infections - NHS 5Ketoconazole (Topical Route) Proper Use - Mayo Clinic

c. Additional Therapeutic Uses

Cushing's Syndrome, an endocrine disorder, is another condition where Ketoconazole has demonstrated promising outcomes by inhibiting the synthesis of corticosteroids. For prostate cancer early studies indicate that Ketoconazole can help manage hormone prostate cancer by reducing testosterone production.

 Ketoconazole has been used in high doses for the treatment of Cushing’s syndrome and advanced prostate cancer, but it has not been approved by the FDA for these indications and it may cause serious side effects such as liver damage123Ketoconazole can inhibit the enzyme CYP17A1, which is involved in the biosynthesis of corticosteroids and androgens, thus reducing the levels of these hormones in the body45Ketoconazole may be a useful option for patients with Cushing’s syndrome who have failed other treatments or are awaiting surgery4Ketoconazole may also have some activity against prostate cancer cells that are resistant to castration or other hormonal therapies5However, ketoconazole is not a first-line treatment for these conditions and should be used with caution and under close monitoring by a doctor123.

1Ketoconazole: MedlinePlus Drug Information 2Ketoconazole Uses, Side Effects & Warnings - 3Ketoconazole Tablets: Package Insert - 4Ketoconazole in Cushing’s syndrome: a profile of its use 5The role of ketoconazole in current prostate cancer care - Nature

III. Off-label Uses of Ketoconazole

Hair Loss Treatment: While it hasn’t received FDA approval for this purpose, some people use Ketoconazole shampoo alongside treatments for alopecia. When it comes to Androgenic Alopecia, it is specifically used to combat the impact of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on the scalp. Furthermore, investigations are into other off-label uses, particularly in treating certain dermatological conditions.

The content is mostly correct and accurate, as ketoconazole shampoo is a topical antifungal medication that can also treat hair loss caused by fungal infections or androgenic alopecia123Ketoconazole shampoo can inhibit the enzyme 5-alpha reductase, which converts testosterone to DHT, a hormone that can shrink hair follicles and cause hair loss123Ketoconazole shampoo can also reduce inflammation and improve scalp health, which may promote hair growth13However, ketoconazole shampoo is not approved by the FDA for hair loss treatment and it should be used as an adjunct or complementary therapy along with other products such as minoxidil or finasteride124Ketoconazole shampoo may also cause some side effects such as dryness, oiliness, itching, burning, or irritation of the scalp or hair245Ketoconazole shampoo should not be used by people who are allergic to it or have liver problems45.

1Should You Use Ketoconazole Shampoo for Hair Loss? 2Ketoconazole for Hair Loss: What You Need to Know - GoodRx 3How To Use Ketoconazole Shampoo For Hair Loss Prevention - Stylecraze 4Ketoconazole Shampoo For Hair Loss: Types, Side Effects, and More 5Ketoconazole Shampoo: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects, and More - Healthline

IV. How Ketoconazole Works

How Ketoconazole Works Against Fungi: Ketoconazole hinders the production of ergosterol, an element in the cell membranes of fungi. This interference causes the membranes to become more permeable, leading to the death of cells. How it is Processed in the Body: When taken orally, the drug is absorbed through the tract and then metabolized by the liver. Effects on Hormonal Pathways: Ketoconazole can inhibit enzymes responsible for synthesizing steroids, which can impact hormonal pathways.

V. Composition of Ketoconazole

The main component of the formulation is Ketoconazole itself. Additional ingredients such as binders and preservatives may be included depending on the form of the medication. Ketoconazole is offered in states, including tablets, creams, and shampoos.

VI. Dosage and Administration

Dosage Recommendations: The recommended dosages may differ depending on the ailment being treated. When treating Candidiasis, an approach would be taking one 200 mg oral tablet daily. How the medication is administered will depend on its form and the specific indications with options, including application or oral ingestion.

VII. Side Effects of Ketoconazole

Common Side Effects; Feeling Experiencing vomiting. Serious Side Effects; Potential liver damage; It is crucial to be aware of the possibility of hepatic toxicity. Allergic reactions; This may manifest as symptoms, like hives or anaphylaxis.

VIII. Warnings and Precautions

It is recommended to get liver function tests while undergoing long-term treatment. Before starting the treatment, it may be necessary to conduct an allergy test to check for any hypersensitivity to azole antifungals. It's important to note that consuming alcohol can worsen the liver damage risks linked with Ketoconazole.

IX. Contraindications

Liver Disease: It is not recommended to administer Ketoconazole to patients who already have liver diseases due to the harm it can cause to the liver. People in this group risk experiencing adverse effects on their liver. Allergy to Azole Antifungals; If someone has reacted to Azole antifungals in the past, they should avoid using Ketoconazole and consider alternative treatment options. Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Ketoconazole can pass through the barrier and be present in breast milk. Therefore, pregnant and breastfeeding women should not use it unless the potential benefits outweigh the risks.

X. Careful Administration

Necessary Precautions: It is important to monitor liver function and observe signs of adrenal insufficiency. When administering this medication to patients, it is crucial to exercise caution as they may be more susceptible to adverse effects. In some cases, lower initial dosages are often recommended. The use of this medication in women and nursing mothers should be discouraged unless necessary. If it is deemed necessary both maternal and fetal health should be closely monitored. When prescribing this medication to children, strict medical supervision is essential to minimize the risks associated with imbalances and liver function.

XI. Interactions with Other Drugs

When taking blood thinners like Warfarin, it is essential to be cautious when using Ketoconazole at the time. This combination can increase the anticoagulation effects of the blood thinners. May lead to excessive bleeding. If you also take antacids, separate the intake of Ketoconazole and antacids to ensure absorption of the medication. Additionally, certain antibiotics, like Erythromycin, can enhance the activity of Ketoconazole. Increase the risk of adverse effects when taken together. So, it's crucial to be mindful of interactions between these medications.

XII. Overdosage

Overdosing may lead to symptoms such as intense nausea, vomiting, and liver problems. It is crucial to seek medical attention in such cases. Urgent interventions, like lavage and administering fluids intravenously, should be initiated promptly. Chronic overdosing could potentially cause severe liver damage, adrenal insufficiency, and other irreversible consequences.

XIII. Storage and Handling Precautions

For results, it is recommended to store Ketoconazole at room temperature, away from moisture or direct sunlight. The specific storage requirements might vary depending on the form of the medication. It's advisable to refer to the package insert for accurate instructions. If there is a spillage, it should be immediately dealt with using personal protective gear. Contaminated products should be disposed of following waste protocols.

XIV. Conclusion

Key Points Summary: Ketoconazole is an antifungal medication with many uses, including treating fungal infections, skin conditions, and hormonal imbalances. However, taking precautions and being aware of interactions with other drugs is essential. It's crucial to have medical supervision. Final Recommendations for Effective Use: Consult a qualified healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. Follow the recommended dosage instructions. Be mindful of possible side effects and situations where this medication should not be used to ensure safe and effective results.

Rated: 5.0 / 5 based on 5.0 customer reviews.

Posted by James on Jul 29, 2017 Verified Purchase

Cheaper than RX in US

Cream works fantastic for skin fungal with infection and cheaper than purchasing at local pharmacy.

Note: does not imply any medical claims from this review.

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