Nifedipine is a calcium channel blocker that is prescribed to help manage hypertension or angina.

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Nifedipine is given for the treatment of hypertension, or to help prevent angina chest pain.

How it Works

Nifedipine is known as a calcium channel blocker. Nifedipine works by causing some of blood vessels to relax and widen. This then lowers blood pressure. Nifedipine also increases the flow of blood to places like hands and feet. Nifedipine reduces the force and the rate of heartbeat, and this helps to prevent angina chest pain. Nifedipine works blocking the amount of calcium that goes into the 'smooth' muscle cells in the walls of blood vessels and in the heart. Calcium is needed for muscles to contract, so reducing the amount of calcium using Nifedipine causes the muscle cells to relax.

Common Side effects

Patients who take Nifedipine may suffer from such side effects;

Ankle swelling,
Abdominal pain


Nifedipine belongs to the group of medicines called calcium channel blockers. It works to dilate your veins and arteries and thus reducing the pressure required from the heart for blood to flow.This drug is mainly used for treating hypertension and chest pains. It is yellowish in color, water-insoluble but can be dissolved in ethanol.


Nifedipine is a yellow substance that is in crystalline form which is not soluble in water. The Nifedipine capsules contain: saccharin sodium, polyethylene glycol, soft gelatin, glycerin as well as oil from peppermint.


Nifedipine should be strictly taken in the prescribed dosage for the prescribed period of time. A deviation from such a prescription could have serious negative repercussions. In addition, you should follow the instructions on the label of the drug as well. It should be consumed before meals and you should avoid breaking the capsule's cover because this would interfere with the normal absorption of the drug. Some of these tablets have a cover that does not dissolve during digestion and might appear in your stool thus do not be alarmed.

Dosage and administration

Nifedipine should be taken orally in the prescribed dosage once a day before meals. To know the dosage of this drug that you should consume, visit a doctor because this varies with different individuals and dosage can be altered as per regular check-ups with the doctor.


While taking this drug you should avoid drinking grape juice or eating grapefruits. If you have to take either of the two, consult your doctor first, While under Nifedipine.

Side effects

Some of the side effects that may be experienced while taking Nifedipine are bloating, swelling, cough, difficulty breathing, dizziness, headache, muscle cramps, weight gain, trembling, fainting or nausea. Please seek medical attention immediately if experiencing any of the above


Nifedipine should be stored at room temperature, Nifedipine should be kept away from shouldren and pets. Nifedipine should not be exposed to extreme heat, sunlight or moisture.

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