Nimesulide/ Tizanidine

Nimesulide and Tizanidine combination medication may be prescribed to help manage pain and muscle spasms caused by rheumatoid arthritis, sports injuries, surgical procedures, etc.

Nimesulide/ Tizanidine



Unichem, Torrent Pharma


Nimesulide 100 mg / Tizanidine 2 mg


Out of Stock.

Nimesulide/ Tizanidine

I. Introduction to Nimesulide/Tizanidine

Overview of Nimesulide and Tizanidine

Nimesulide and Tizanidine are medications commonly used for their anti-inflammatory and muscle relaxing effects. Nimesulide functions as a steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), while Tizanidine is known for its role as a central alpha 2 adrenergic agonist.

Historical development and approval

The emergence of Nimesulide took place in the 1980s, followed by the introduction of Tizanidine in the early 1990s. These drugs went through clinical testing before being authorized for medical purposes in different parts of the world, meeting strict regulatory requirements.

Common therapeutic uses

Nimesulide is commonly utilized for its pain relieving and fever reducing properties while Tizanidine is mainly prescribed to help relieve muscle stiffness.


II. Composition and Properties

Chemical structure and formulation

Nimesulides molecular makeup includes a sulfonanilide structure that influences how it works while Tizanidine contains an imidazoline structure that plays a role, in its ability to relax muscles.

Key ingredients and their roles

The key components in these medications highlight how they work to provide benefits. Nimesulide works by blocking cyclooxygenase, which helps decrease the production of prostaglandins. Tizanidine regulates the release of neurotransmitters, which play a role in controlling muscle spasticity.

III. Mechanism of Action

How Nimesulide works in the body

How Tizanidine affects muscle spasticity

Synergistic effects of Nimesulide and Tizanidine combination

IV. Uses of Nimesulide/Tizanidine

Approved indications for Nimesulide/Tizanidine

  1. Nimesulide:

  2. Tizanidine:

V. Off-Label Uses

Exploration of non-approved uses

Some experts sometimes use this mix to address issues such, as tension headaches and nerve related pain even though its not officially sanctioned for such purposes.

Research support for off-label benefits

Recent research indicates that there may be advantages to exploring, off label applications. These claims still await confirmation through extensive clinical trials.

Prescribing drugs for purposes not approved by authorities raises legal and ethical considerations requiring comprehensive patient consent and compliance with medical standards.

VI. Dosage and Administration

The usual Nimesulide dosage is generally 100 mg taken twice daily whereas Tizanidine is typically prescribed in doses ranging from 2 mg, to 8 mg to be taken three times a day based on the seriousness of the ailment and how the patient reacts.

Guidelines on administration methods

Both drugs should be taken by mouth. It can be consumed with or without food. It is advisable to take them in relation to meals to reduce the risk of stomach discomfort.

Adjustments for specific patient groups

It's important to adjust the dosage for patients, with kidney or liver issues making sure to balance the risks and benefits of treatment.

VII. Administration in Special Populations

Elderly: Adjustments and considerations

For patients, it is recommended to use lower doses of both medications because they have a higher chance of experiencing negative effects and other health conditions that could impact how their bodies process and eliminate the drugs.

Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers: Safety and recommendations

It is advised to use both Nimesulide and Tizanidine during pregnancy and breastfeeding since their safety has not been definitively proven.

Children: Age-specific dosage and precautions

Nimesulide is typically not advised for children under 12 years old because of the liver toxicity risks, whereas Tizanidine requires close monitoring when used in pediatric environments.

VIII. Side Effects of Nimesulide/Tizanidine

Common side effects encountered

Individuals who are prescribed Nimesulide and Tizanidine might encounter side effects. Frequently mentioned concerns consist of system discomfort, like queasiness and indigestion feeling sleepy, lightheadedness and headaches. These effects are typically mild. Can be controlled with standard medical advice.

Serious adverse reactions and their management

Serious side effects, though uncommon, may involve liver problems, severe stomach bleeding, and heart-related concerns for Nimesulide; Notable low blood pressure, hallucinations, and severe liver issues for Tizanidine. Dealing with these responses requires medical attention, potentially stopping the medication and treating symptoms with specific therapies.

Statistics on side effects prevalence

  • 10% of individuals might encounter mild side effects when taking Nimesulide.
  • A small percentage, less than 1%, may face severe issues requiring hospitalization.
  • Tizanidine displays a trend, with around 5% of individuals noting notable drowsiness or dizziness.

IX. Interactions with Other Medications

Common drug interactions and their implications

Nimesulide and Tizanidine have the potential to interact with medications either boosting or reducing their effects. Nimesulide might amplify the impact of warfarin, whereas Tizanidine could heighten the sedative qualities of alcohol and benzodiazepines.

Interaction with over-the-counter medications and supplements

Over-the-counter NSAIDs and supplements such as St. Johns Wort can also have interactions with these medications, which could result in side effects or reduced effectiveness of the treatments.

How to manage potential interactions

Keeping track of interactions requires attention to all the medications a patient is taking, including over-the-counter items and supplements. It's important for healthcare providers to offer advice on possible interactions and make any needed adjustments, to dosages or medications.

X. Important Precautions and Warnings

Contraindications for use

Patients with liver, kidney or heart issues should avoid taking both medications. It is not recommended to use tizanidine with potent CYP1A2 inhibitors because it can lead to a significant drop in blood pressure and slow heart rate.

Individuals with a past of ulcer illness or those presently utilizing other NSAIDs should approach Nimesulide cautiously. Users of Tizanidine should be informed about the potential for drowsiness and discouraged from operating heavy machinery.

Precautions for long-term use

Extended use of these medications necessitates monitoring of liver and kidney functions along with regular evaluations for cardiovascular risks, particularly for individuals taking Nimesulide over a prolonged duration.

XI. Overdosage and Emergency Management

Signs and symptoms of overdose

Symptoms of an overdose could involve gastrointestinal bleeding, sudden kidney failure, and central nervous system depression. Individuals might show signs of fatigue, slower breathing, and low blood pressure.

Immediate actions and antidotes

For treatment gastric lavage and activated charcoal are given to decrease absorption. Additional care like IV fluids and vasopressors might be needed to handle blood pressure and breathing difficulties.

Long-term health effects of overdose

People who have survived overdoses might experience lasting damage, to their kidneys or liver which could require continuous care and lead to potential long term health problems.

XII. Storage and Handling Precautions

Proper storage conditions

Make sure to keep Nimesulide and Tizanidine at room temperature in a place and away, from direct sunlight to maintain their effectiveness and prevent them from breaking down.

Disposal and handling precautions

Proper disposal of unused medications is important to prevent environmental contamination. Patients should be educated on the methods, for safe disposal.

Stability under different environmental conditions

These drugs remain intact in settings but their potency could diminish if they encounter excessive humidity or are stored at temperatures, beyond the recommended range possibly resulting in decreased efficacy.

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