How it Works
Common Side effects
Patients who take Salbutamol may suffer from such side effects;
Respiratory tract inflammation,
Musculoskeletal (bone, muscle or joint) pain,
Respiratory tract infection,
A runny nose,
Dryness in the mouth,
Soreness in the throat
Salbutamol belongs to the class of drugs known as ronchodilators. It is used in the treatment of bronchospasm caused by reversible obstructive pulmonary disease.
The drug is used to treat wheezing and shortness of breath due to problems such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The drug can be administered in patients of age 4 years or more. Salbutamol has shown to create an effect on the beta-2 adrenergic receptors and thereby leads to a series of changes, which leads to relaxation of all the muscles in the airway, from the trachea to the terminal bronchioles, thereby easing the breathing process.
Dosage and administration
This drug has an effect of 4 to 6 hours. Its dose depends on an individual's age and the body's response to the drug. For adults, the dose is 12 to 32 mg/day, in three divided doses. 3 to 8 mg/day for children of 2 to 6 years of age (in three divided doses) and 6 to 8 mg/day for children of 6 to 12 years of age (in three divided doses). Increasing the regular dose of the drug beyond the prescribed dose may worsen the asthmatic conditions. Strictly follow your doctor's orders.
If you are going for any surgery or dental treatment, then inform the doctor that you have been kept on this drug for obstructive airway issues.
This drug should be carefully prescribed to patients with abnormal heart rate, fluctuating blood pressure, or diabetes since it affects the cell potassium levels, thereby can lead to life threatening conditions for such patients.
Taking this drug leads to drowsiness hence avoid driving a car or operating machinery which requires you to be alert.
Do not exceed the dose beyond the prescribed limits as this may destabilize the asthmatic condition and may even be fatal. In case the drug dose is not effective, then you should reassess the therapy with your doctor and a concomitant glucocorticoid therapy may be considered.
Pregnant women and breast feeding mothers are to use this medication only if it has been prescribed by the doctor.
In case of any serious side effects such as anaphylactic reactions like urticaria, rashes, angioedema, feeling short of breath or pain and discomfort in the chest, etc., discontinue the use of this medicine and seek medical care immediately.